Disasters can happen at anytime anywhere. Disasters can range from major earthquakes, flooding, and fires to storms such as tornadoes, hurricanes and ice storms. Having a disaster plan in place at your local animal shelter is extremely important. It helps protect the animals and your staff in the event a disaster occurs. If you do not have one, it is time to sit down with everyone who works at your local animal shelter and come up with one. If your unsure of what the disaster plan should include the tips below will help, you begin creating a plan now.
1. Evacuation Location: In the event a horrible disaster occurs that involves an evacuation, you should have a second location you can safely bring the animals and staff. The second location should be spacious, safe and bring the necessary tools and equipment to take care of the animals such as food, water, crates, blankets, first aid animal’s kits and necessary medicines to treat animals that need particular care. It’s also wise to figure out how your going to transport all the animals safely to the second location if need.
2. Fire Escape Plan: Fires can happen at anytime anywhere. If one breaks out in your shelter have a plan that involves getting all the animals and staff out safely through exits. This includes making sure the exits to the shelter are free and clear from boxes and any other objects that might be in the way. It’s also important to have fire extinguishers placed in easy to access location throughout the shelter and ideas on where to place the animals that have been evacuated from the burning building in the event of a fire.
3. List of Emergency Volunteers: In the event of any kind of disaster that requires extra sets of hands for helping, it is wise to have a list of volunteers that would be able to help the shelter out in the event of an emergency situation. Having volunteers can help make handing a disastrous situation easier as well as the recovery process.
4. Back up Generator: During cold winter months, snow and ice storms can knock the power out. This leaves the animals in the shelter without heat to keep warm. It’s essential to have a back up generator to keep heat flowing through the building in the even the power does go out so the animals stay warm and healthy.

Every year several animals are put to death in kill shelters simply due to overpopulation and not enough available loving homes for the unwanted animals. The only way to stop kill shelters from putting animals down is to stop the overpopulation of homeless cats and dogs. If your wondering what you can do to help stop pet over populations the tips below can assist.
1. Offer donations to shelters and clinics to help spayed female cats and dogs that need it.
2. Offer donations to veterinary clinics and shelters for male kittens and puppies that need neutering.
3. Adopting a pet that needs a home can mean less animals on the streets, which means less unnecessary liters being produced.
4. Becoming a foster parent for animals in shelters that are overloaded with animals can help provide more room in shelters to help get overpopulated pets off the streets and from producing more unneeded liters.
5. Preventing pet overpopulation also begins with you making sure your own pets have been spayed or neutered.
6. One of the ways vets can help stop the overpopulation of pets is by offer free spaying and neutering clinics to people who cannot afford to get their pets fixed, but wish to do so to prevent pet overpopulation.
7. Animals that are abandoned on the streets need to be rescued and brought to shelters and clinics. The less cats and dogs on the streets the less liters occur and euthanasia.
8. Providing more resources to help with the adoption and fostering process can help.
9. Donating plenty of food, water, pet care products, bedding and toys to local animal shelters can help the shelters provide for more rescued or abandoned animals, which means a reduction in cat and dog populations.
10. Opening your own non-profit shelter or rescue service can help get unwanted cats and dogs off the streets and from producing more liters.
11. Volunteering at your local animal shelter can help reduce animal population. Sometimes all shelters need is some extra pairs of hands to help take in more animals.
12. Preventing animal hoarding is a huge way to prevent animal overpopulation.
13. Creating a non-profit safe drop off spot for unwanted pets can help drastically.
14. Prevent the selling of fighting dogs. Once a dog is done fighting it’s put out onto the streets. A particular breed that is often used for fighting is the pitbull.
15. Make sure stray cats and dogs are rescued by animal patrol.

During the colder months of the year, it is wise to make sure your pets have proper shelters outside to get away from chilly breezes and storms of winter. It is also important too not leave them outside on days where temperatures are below zero. The reason why is because your furry pals can actually get frostbite on their paws, ears, tails and even noses. Once frostbite occurs in your pet, proper treatment is necessary immediately. Without proper treatment your pet whether it be a dog, cat, or rabbit could lose a limb or die from the frostbit area becoming infected.
What to do if you suspect your pet has frostbite?
If you suspect your pet has a frostbite area, which will appear as pale skin that eventually turns bright red and then black if not treated properly, you should immediately begin treating it. You treat frostbit patches of skin by running them under warm water or applying a wet warm compress. However, do not rub the skin since it will cause more damage.
As soon as you have completed that step, it is important to get them to your local vet or an emergency clinic immediately for further treatment. In severe cases of frostbite, or when frostbite is left untreated, amputation of a limb or part of your pet’s skin is necessary. In rare cases, pet’s can die from frostbite if exposed to the cold to long because just like humans, pets need to be kept warm too.
What are some precautions to take once your pet has suffered from frostbite?
Anytime your pet has suffered frostbite, even if the area has healed up properly, they will always be sensitive to the cold and susceptible to frostbite again. This is because they barrier that usually protect your pet’s skin has become damaged and is no longer able to protect it like it use too. This means, your pet won’t be able to stand in the cold as long as he or she might have been able to in the past. It is also wise to place some sort of protective covering over the sensitive area before the pet goes outside.
End Notes
The best way to prevent frostbite from happening to your pet is to always provide them with warm shelters on cold days and don’t allow them to stay outside too long when the temperatures are below normal.

A newborn kitten that has been abandoned by its mother will need intervention to ensure he or she survives. Proper feeding is one of those critical interventions. Feeding a kitten can be hard work, but it also incredibly rewarding. We’ve laid out the 10 necessary steps of feeding a newborn kitten and exactly what yo’ll need to do it.
What You’ll Need:
• Kitten Milk Replacement Formula
• Kitten-sized bottles & nipples
• A warm towel
Feeding Instructions:
1. All materials should be sterilized before being used to feed a kitten. Experts suggest sterilizing kitten sized baby bottles and nipples (or syringes) in a boiling water bath for about five minutes. Allow them to cool completely before use.
2. Follow the directions on the KMR or emergency formula, for feeding size. It may be necessary to weigh the kitten prior to feeding to ensure it is getting the proper amount of formula. This can be done on a kitchen scale
3. To warm the formula, place the bottle in a hot water bath for a few minutes. Never microwave KMR, as this will cause pockets of hot and cold formula.
4. Before you being feeding, it is best to test the formula on your forearm, just as you would with a baby’s formula. It should feel warm, but not hot.
5. You also should test the nipple to ensure the flow is correct. The nipple should not drip when upside down. It should only drip when gentle pressure is applied.
6. Before you being feeding ensure the kitten is warm and comfortable. Some experts suggest wrapping the kitten in a towel or blanket before feeding.
7. To feed the kitchen place him prone on your lap with his head down. Place the bottle into his mouth, and allow the kitten to nurse. The nursing reflex should kick right in, however, stroking the top of the kitten’s head can help it along.
8. Just like a baby, kittens often need to be burped after feeding. Hold the kitten under the abdomen and lightly tap its back to stimulate a burp.
9. Once burped, the kitten will likely want to sleep, so place it in a warm area, and allow him or her to sleep uninterrupted.
10. Repeat the feedings ever 2 hours or so. For a newborn kitten. Generally, a kitten will require about 1.1 ounces of formula spread out over 9 to 12 feedings.

Bottle feeding a newborn puppy is necessary if it’s the runt of the litter or the mother cannot nurse it. If there are too many puppies, it’s best to bottle feed the one or two smaller ones who are pushed aside by the larger pups.
There are several steps necessary to keep the puppy well-fed for the first month.
1. Consult your vet about the best formula for the breed of dog you are feeding. Different breeds or mixed breeds will take different formulas.
2. Mix the powdered formula according to instructions. Ready-made formulas are also available.
3. Use a syringe for the smallest puppies to start with. Try to get the pup to nurse with its mother at least part of the time if she is able to feed her pups.
4. Sterilize the syringe before feeding as you would sterilize a baby bottle. The puppy should suck on the syringe.
4. Be prepared to feed the puppy six times in 24 hours. Puppies need about 22.5 ml of formula over 24 hours on average.
5. Hold the puppy face down. Never feed it with the puppy on its back since this can cause choking.
6. Use special bottles for feeding puppies. These bottles have nipples that are close to the size of the mother dog’s.
7. Cool the formula before feeding it to the pup. The formula should be about the mother’s body temperature.
8. Puppies need burping just like babies. Hold it over your shoulder midway through the feeding and gently rub its little back.
9. Gently rub its tummy to stimulate digestion and elimination after feeding.
10. Keep the puppy warm in a box with a hot water bottle or heating pad wrapped in towels along with a nest of paper towels and pee pads. An infrared light or desk lamp can help. The smaller puppy you hand feed may be able to live in the same litter box with the other pups and mom.
Weigh the puppy everyday if possible to chart its growth. Its weight should double within the first week.
If you are feeding an orphan puppy, carry it close to your body whenever possible. The pup would normally be next to its mother or litter mates.
The puppy should show good results within four weeks. This is a procedure that takes time but it is rewarding for the caregiver.

People who operate puppy mills are often posing as legitimate breeders, but all too often they are irresponsibly breeding puppies in unhealthy conditions. Dogs sold by puppy mills are more likely to be sickly or have genetic disorders than dogs from reputable breeders. Here are 5 signs that may indicate your dog came from a puppy mill.
The Breeder Does Not Provide Information
A legitimate breeder will have extensive information on each puppy sold. Your breeder should be able to introduce you to your puppy’s parents and should invite you to see the location where the puppy was born.
Breeders who do not allow you to visit their facilities should raise your suspicion.
The Breeder Does Not Provide Vaccination Records
Puppy mill operators want to make as much money as possible and often don’t spend money on their dogs. In many cases, puppies are not vaccinated at all.
If your breeder cannot provide a vaccination record for your puppy, that is a sign that the breeder is running a puppy mill.
Your Puppy Was Offered at Less Than 8 Weeks Old
Responsible breeders don’t sell puppies younger than 8 weeks old. This is because the pups need to be with their mother and litter mates until that time. If your puppy was sold before 8 weeks, it’s a sign that the puppy was the product of a puppy mill.
Your Puppy Has a Bad Odor
Puppy mills often smell bad because of too many dogs occupying too small a space. If you bought a puppy that smelled like a kennel, you should suspect that your pup came from a puppy mill.
The Breeder Did Not Ask About You
Honest breeders care about the puppies they sell and want to make sure you have the proper environment for the dog. They are also interested in making sure that you have good intentions in raising the puppy and are planning to have the dog spayed or neutered.
Puppy mill operators don’t care what happens to the puppy, so they don’t ask questions.
Puppy mills contribute to sickness in dog and promote animal cruelty. If possible, avoid buying a puppy from one of these places. Instead opt for a legitimate breeder, or adopt a rescue or shelter dog.

If you are the first point of contact for a dog who is coming in from a puppy mill situation, you have just become the representative of a new life and a second chance.
1. Have a veterinarian assess the dog’s physical condition. Puppy mill dogs are often long undernourished and may have gone without basic medical care. If weight gain is needed, ask for a recommendation for feeding.
2. Provide a safe, comfortable place that is out of heavy traffic for the dog to rest or retreat to when overwhelmed. Provide food and water in a no-strings way to facilitate quick recovery.
3. It is likely a rescued dog will be apprehensive or outright fearful of people. Help make a new, positive connection by tossing a treat whenever the dog looks at, approaches or investigates a person, even if it is only a step at first. Walk near casually and toss a treat. Gradually, as trust is gained the dog will move closer to you.
4. Puppy mill dogs are often under socialized. This can make them fearful of everything. In a very slow, relaxed manner, repeat above procedure when exposing a dog to new worries. Never push a dog to move past its comfort zone, this may result in a stronger fear or lashing out.
5. Leave obedience training until the dog is no longer fearful, or as close as you can. Training a frightened dog will be frustrating, and you are likely to see few to no results. Also, some behaviors like fear or submission urination will often subside with time but respond poorly to training.
6. Enure that a prospective new owner knows about any current difficulties in behavior or health, as well and progress so far. It is important that someone taking a rescued dog have the skills to continue their rehabilitation. Not knowing will simply result in more dogs returning to the shelter.
7. If you have a professional dog trainer on staff or the ability to seek the help of one, do so. A fearful dog can quickly escalate when handled wrong, potentially causing harm to people and more harm to the dog in the end.
It is not always easy to deal with taking on the extra responsibility of an abused or neglected animal, but for some, you may be a brand new or very last chance at life.

Owning a dog comes with important responsibilities such as training for behavioral purposes, grooming care, properly feeding your friend a well-balanced diet and making sure it gets lots of tender love and care. However, most pet owners do not think about the responsibility of having dog bite liability insurance. It is important to have for a handful of reasons.
#1 Coverage of Dog Bite Damage: In the event, your dog bites someone accidentally or on purpose, the cost of damage and injury to the victim is coverage. This is good for you because you do not have to pay any out of pocket expenses when your dog attacks someone, which usually can be extremely costly.
#2 Live Where You Choose: Some states have local laws that require dog owners to have liability insure for certain breeds of dogs. If you have one of those breeds without the insurance and want to move to a certain state that does not allow certain breeds without it, you can be prevented from moving to the area you wish with your four-legged pal. Even some apartment buildings, rental homes and condos require this type of insurance in order to rent out a place for your and your pal to live happily. Without the coverage, it raises a red flag to the rental service, which could cause your rental application to be denied. After all, rental companies like to protect themselves and other renters from unnecessary chaos and damage that could potentially harm them in anyway.
#3 Coverage for Property Damage: If your furry pup for some odd reason escapes your care for a short period, you will wish you had liability insurance for it. This is especially true if it decides to take an adventure without you to dig a hole in your neighbor’s yard or garden, or decides to chew and scratch the heck out of a stranger’s favorite yard décor piece. With liability coverage, you will not have to pay out of pocket expenses to cover the cost of that damage in the event your dog is reported. We all know our dog has have their own mind and tend to make messes wherever the choice even when it is not in their own yard.
For more information on this important topic, please call AWOIP at 1-800-673-2558 or 717-630-1030 or go to are website at awoiponline.com for the dog bite liability insurance.

Halloween is not just the holiday you should worry about keeping your children safe. It is also the holiday to worry about keeping your pets safe too. After all, your pets are part of the family.
Halloween Safety Tips for Pets
1. Treats of Candy: Taking your pet trick or treating with the children is perfectly okay, but feeding them candy is a big, NO! Chocolate can be fatally dangerous to our furry pals. Some candies containing xylitol, which is a natural sugar alcohol, can cause health issues for your pet such as hypoglycemia. Instead, carry small pet treats with you that are safe to give your four-legged pal if they desire a treat.
2. Walk Safety: Trick or treating in the dark can be unsafe. Cars on the road might not be able to see you. The best way to walk safely on a dark road is by placing a light reflecting vest onto your pet, or something that glows in the dark. This will allow passing cars to see clearly and slow down so accidents do not occur. It is also wise to walk with a flashlight with your children and pets on the side of the.
3. Costumes: Putting a costume on a pet is fun, but it should be avoided if your pet dislikes dressing up. It can cause unnecessary added stress when you are out walking around Halloween night.
4. Candle Lit Pumpkins: Spooky Jack-O‘-Lanterns you carve out are great holiday décor, but make sure you place them in an areas that are safe and away from pets. All it takes is a pet knocking it over, causing the candle to fly out of it causing possible burns to your pet or a fire.
5. Handing out Candy: Having your pets at the door while handing out trick or treat candy could be potentially harmful too the pet and guests. Some trick or treat kiddos may be afraid of your pet and swat causing unwanted nips or bites by your pet. Keep your pet safe and your special guests safe, by keeping your pet in a different room during trick or treating hours.
6. Identification Tags: Place name tags with your pet’s address onto your pet before going out with it on Halloween night. If your pet runs away from you by accident someone who finds it can return your loving friend back to you.