Whether your dog is small or large, getting into stuff is their specialty and that includes chocolate, but what do you do if your dog gets into chocolate? Well, immediate medical treatment is usually required since chocolate contains a toxin known as theobromine, which is a stimulant beneficial to humans, but not to dogs. In fact, if chocolate gets into your pup’s system side effects could occur almost immediately.
Side Effects that Occur in Dogs that Have Eaten Chocolate
• Heart Rhythm Problems
• Central Nervous System Failure
• Muscle Tremors
• Seizures
• Coma
• Diarrhea
• Vomiting
• Excessive Urinating
• Hyperactivity
• Balance Problems
• Increased Thirst due to Dehydration
• Inflammation of the Pancreatic
• Possible Death
What amounts of chocolate are consider toxicity levels for dogs?
The amounts of chocolate needed to cause toxicity in dogs is around three milk chocolate bars, but chocolate bars made from pure dark chocolate are even more poisonous to pups. In fact, baking cocoa and bars contain 70% more theobromine that a milk chocolate bar, which makes it deadly to dogs who consume even an ounce. If you suspect your pup has gotten into a considerable about of chocolate it is wise to call your vet for immediate help.
Treatments Prescribed to Help with Chocolate Poisoning in Dogs
The treatments prescribed by a veterinarian to help aid in chocolate poisoning are simple. The doctor will prescribe a pill that induces vomiting or use an IV to provide fluids to flush the toxin out of the dogs body. Sometimes charcoal medications are prescribes if large amounts of chocolate have been in your dogs system for more than two hours to help relief a racing heart and to prevent seizures and other possible side effects from occurring or worsening.
Chocolate Foods to Keep Out of Your Dogs Reach
• Chocolate Bars
• Hershey Kisses
• Chocolate Ice Cream
• Chocolate Cakes
• Chocolate Milk
• Chocolate Frosting
• Hot Cocoa
• Chocolate Chips
• Baking Chips
• Chocolate Pies
• Fudges
• Homemade Fudge
• Chocolate Sauces
• Hot Fudge
• Chocolate Chip Pancakes
• Cocoa Based Cereals
• Cocoa Powder
End Notes for Dogs Consuming Chocolate
The best way to prevent your pup from ever consuming chocolate is to keep it up and out of the way. If your eating it and drop some on the floor, pick it up immediately. Remember, large amounts of chocolate can cause deaths in dogs so if you suspect your dog has chocolate poisoning the best thing to do is seek veterinarian help immediately.

Every year several animals are put to death in kill shelters simply due to overpopulation and not enough available loving homes for the unwanted animals. The only way to stop kill shelters from putting animals down is to stop the overpopulation of homeless cats and dogs. If your wondering what you can do to help stop pet over populations the tips below can assist.
1. Offer donations to shelters and clinics to help spayed female cats and dogs that need it.
2. Offer donations to veterinary clinics and shelters for male kittens and puppies that need neutering.
3. Adopting a pet that needs a home can mean less animals on the streets, which means less unnecessary liters being produced.
4. Becoming a foster parent for animals in shelters that are overloaded with animals can help provide more room in shelters to help get overpopulated pets off the streets and from producing more unneeded liters.
5. Preventing pet overpopulation also begins with you making sure your own pets have been spayed or neutered.
6. One of the ways vets can help stop the overpopulation of pets is by offer free spaying and neutering clinics to people who cannot afford to get their pets fixed, but wish to do so to prevent pet overpopulation.
7. Animals that are abandoned on the streets need to be rescued and brought to shelters and clinics. The less cats and dogs on the streets the less liters occur and euthanasia.
8. Providing more resources to help with the adoption and fostering process can help.
9. Donating plenty of food, water, pet care products, bedding and toys to local animal shelters can help the shelters provide for more rescued or abandoned animals, which means a reduction in cat and dog populations.
10. Opening your own non-profit shelter or rescue service can help get unwanted cats and dogs off the streets and from producing more liters.
11. Volunteering at your local animal shelter can help reduce animal population. Sometimes all shelters need is some extra pairs of hands to help take in more animals.
12. Preventing animal hoarding is a huge way to prevent animal overpopulation.
13. Creating a non-profit safe drop off spot for unwanted pets can help drastically.
14. Prevent the selling of fighting dogs. Once a dog is done fighting it’s put out onto the streets. A particular breed that is often used for fighting is the pitbull.
15. Make sure stray cats and dogs are rescued by animal patrol.

During the colder months of the year, it is wise to make sure your pets have proper shelters outside to get away from chilly breezes and storms of winter. It is also important too not leave them outside on days where temperatures are below zero. The reason why is because your furry pals can actually get frostbite on their paws, ears, tails and even noses. Once frostbite occurs in your pet, proper treatment is necessary immediately. Without proper treatment your pet whether it be a dog, cat, or rabbit could lose a limb or die from the frostbit area becoming infected.
What to do if you suspect your pet has frostbite?
If you suspect your pet has a frostbite area, which will appear as pale skin that eventually turns bright red and then black if not treated properly, you should immediately begin treating it. You treat frostbit patches of skin by running them under warm water or applying a wet warm compress. However, do not rub the skin since it will cause more damage.
As soon as you have completed that step, it is important to get them to your local vet or an emergency clinic immediately for further treatment. In severe cases of frostbite, or when frostbite is left untreated, amputation of a limb or part of your pet’s skin is necessary. In rare cases, pet’s can die from frostbite if exposed to the cold to long because just like humans, pets need to be kept warm too.
What are some precautions to take once your pet has suffered from frostbite?
Anytime your pet has suffered frostbite, even if the area has healed up properly, they will always be sensitive to the cold and susceptible to frostbite again. This is because they barrier that usually protect your pet’s skin has become damaged and is no longer able to protect it like it use too. This means, your pet won’t be able to stand in the cold as long as he or she might have been able to in the past. It is also wise to place some sort of protective covering over the sensitive area before the pet goes outside.
End Notes
The best way to prevent frostbite from happening to your pet is to always provide them with warm shelters on cold days and don’t allow them to stay outside too long when the temperatures are below normal.

Frostbite may not often be considered as a serious threat to animals, but this is absolutely a misconception. It is a very real and common threat in winter months, especially in colder climates. Animals showing signs of frostbite such as icy patches on the skin, extreme discoloration of body tissue or shivering are at serious risk and effective treatment should be administered as quickly as possible to avoid potential long-term injury.
First and foremost, professional medical assistance should be sought immediately. If an animal is showing signs of hypothermia or frostbite, contact your veterinarian as soon as possible. In the meantime, there are a few steps you can take to avoid further damage, and possibly reduce lingering injuries.
Do
• Move the animal to a dry, warm place
• Wrap the animal in a dry blanket or towel, this helps raise its core temperature and also avoids self inflicted trauma such as gnawing and chewing
• Shield the animal from further exposure to cold temperatures, refreezing can be extremely dangerous, and will likely cause long-term damage
• Warm affected area using warm, not hot, water. Anything higher than one hundred and eight degrees fahrenheit can be dangerous. Be sure to dry thoroughly after administering water treatment
• Use a thermometer to monitor your pets core temperature. Once it reaches its normal reading, stop efforts to warm the pet and focus on maintaining proper temperature.
Do Not
• Rub or Massage the affected area in an attempt to warm the animal. The tissue here is likely to be brittle and weak and you may injure the pet. At the very least it would be exceptionally painful to the animal
• Administer pain medication of any kind unless expressly directed by your veterinarian. Most human painkillers are harmful, if not fatal, to animals
• Use any form of direct heat such as heating pads or blow dryers. these are too intense, and may present an issue.
As stated above, the number one priority here is to seek professional medical care, but by following these steps you can prevent further injury, and potentially neutralize fatal complications.

A newborn kitten that has been abandoned by its mother will need intervention to ensure he or she survives. Proper feeding is one of those critical interventions. Feeding a kitten can be hard work, but it also incredibly rewarding. We’ve laid out the 10 necessary steps of feeding a newborn kitten and exactly what yo’ll need to do it.
What You’ll Need:
• Kitten Milk Replacement Formula
• Kitten-sized bottles & nipples
• A warm towel
Feeding Instructions:
1. All materials should be sterilized before being used to feed a kitten. Experts suggest sterilizing kitten sized baby bottles and nipples (or syringes) in a boiling water bath for about five minutes. Allow them to cool completely before use.
2. Follow the directions on the KMR or emergency formula, for feeding size. It may be necessary to weigh the kitten prior to feeding to ensure it is getting the proper amount of formula. This can be done on a kitchen scale
3. To warm the formula, place the bottle in a hot water bath for a few minutes. Never microwave KMR, as this will cause pockets of hot and cold formula.
4. Before you being feeding, it is best to test the formula on your forearm, just as you would with a baby’s formula. It should feel warm, but not hot.
5. You also should test the nipple to ensure the flow is correct. The nipple should not drip when upside down. It should only drip when gentle pressure is applied.
6. Before you being feeding ensure the kitten is warm and comfortable. Some experts suggest wrapping the kitten in a towel or blanket before feeding.
7. To feed the kitchen place him prone on your lap with his head down. Place the bottle into his mouth, and allow the kitten to nurse. The nursing reflex should kick right in, however, stroking the top of the kitten’s head can help it along.
8. Just like a baby, kittens often need to be burped after feeding. Hold the kitten under the abdomen and lightly tap its back to stimulate a burp.
9. Once burped, the kitten will likely want to sleep, so place it in a warm area, and allow him or her to sleep uninterrupted.
10. Repeat the feedings ever 2 hours or so. For a newborn kitten. Generally, a kitten will require about 1.1 ounces of formula spread out over 9 to 12 feedings.

Every day animals are mistreated. One of the ways to help stop all kinds of animal abuse is to get involved with the animal welfare program and do something about it. If you are wondering, what you can do to make a difference in the lives of animals the tips below can provide some insight to help you get started.
#1 Become an Animal Welfare Public Speaker
Stopping the mistreatment of animal’s starts by telling the public about animal welfare along with how the program helps save and protects the lives of animals all over the world. You as a public speaker could share important information about the animals you love and want to protect with schools, special clubs, local neighborhood groups, religious gatherings and special events.
#2 Gather Donation Money for the Animal Welfare Program
One of the best ways to help animal protection programs is to collect donations that will provide the financial support that is necessary. It takes many financial means to take care of animals in need. Animals need shelter, toys, food, water, medicines and veterinary care. Placing canisters in public facilities in your hometown in places such as diners, grocery stores, doctor’s offices and any place that allows the donation canisters goes along ways to gathering that financial means necessary to help improve the lives of animals in need.
#3 Volunteer at a Shelter
Volunteering at a shelter is helpful. You could walk and play with dogs and puppies, snuggle and play with kittens and cats and help keep them well feed and bathed so adoption is possible. You could also help shelters out by becoming a foster parent for pets in need of homes to prevent them from being put down in kill shelters. Every year several loving animals that are well behaved are put down simply because there is not enough room in shelters. Be those animals voices and speak out for them to help save their life and find them a good home.
#4 Help find Affordable Pet Clinics
Pets deserve proper medical care and that includes wellness exams and low cost spayed and neutering procedures to prevent unnecessary litters. If someone you know needs help finding an affordable clinic for their pets, help them find one. You could even offer to pay for a pet visit if the owner is going through financial hardship and wants their pet in good health.