Bottle feeding a newborn puppy is necessary if it’s the runt of the litter or the mother cannot nurse it. If there are too many puppies, it’s best to bottle feed the one or two smaller ones who are pushed aside by the larger pups.
There are several steps necessary to keep the puppy well-fed for the first month.
1. Consult your vet about the best formula for the breed of dog you are feeding. Different breeds or mixed breeds will take different formulas.
2. Mix the powdered formula according to instructions. Ready-made formulas are also available.
3. Use a syringe for the smallest puppies to start with. Try to get the pup to nurse with its mother at least part of the time if she is able to feed her pups.
4. Sterilize the syringe before feeding as you would sterilize a baby bottle. The puppy should suck on the syringe.
4. Be prepared to feed the puppy six times in 24 hours. Puppies need about 22.5 ml of formula over 24 hours on average.
5. Hold the puppy face down. Never feed it with the puppy on its back since this can cause choking.
6. Use special bottles for feeding puppies. These bottles have nipples that are close to the size of the mother dog’s.
7. Cool the formula before feeding it to the pup. The formula should be about the mother’s body temperature.
8. Puppies need burping just like babies. Hold it over your shoulder midway through the feeding and gently rub its little back.
9. Gently rub its tummy to stimulate digestion and elimination after feeding.
10. Keep the puppy warm in a box with a hot water bottle or heating pad wrapped in towels along with a nest of paper towels and pee pads. An infrared light or desk lamp can help. The smaller puppy you hand feed may be able to live in the same litter box with the other pups and mom.
Weigh the puppy everyday if possible to chart its growth. Its weight should double within the first week.
If you are feeding an orphan puppy, carry it close to your body whenever possible. The pup would normally be next to its mother or litter mates.
The puppy should show good results within four weeks. This is a procedure that takes time but it is rewarding for the caregiver.

Everyone knows someone with the perfect, purebred dog. The puppy that arrives with a certified family tree documenting all of its award winning ancestors. Yet, do these families really know where this dog came from? Are they aware of the health risks associated with over breeding among many popular breeds? The decision to purchase a dog or other pet from an animal breeder is a personal, yet important decision to consider seriously. It’s important to contemplate all the options before welcoming a new pet into your home.
When searching for the new addition to your family, consider looking towards your local animal shelter or animal welfare organization. This alternative of adoption brings many rewarding benefits not only to the adopted pet in need of a loving home, but also to you, its new family. These animal shelters are full of all breeds, sizes and types of animals searching for their forever homes. Many are mixes of several breeds, while others are left behind purebred breeds whose families didn’t have time for them. Others, sadly, are animals recovering from abuse and neglect, in desperate need of a loving family.
When deciding between adoption from an animal shelter and purchasing from a breeder keep the following pet adoption rewards in mind. Upon adopting an animal in need, you will enjoy an infinite amount of rewards. Your pet adoption:
• opposes puppy mills and other illegal breeders.
• provides new hope to an animal which had otherwise been forgotten.
• keeps one less animal on the streets, without a home.
• fights over breeding and its many associated health risks.
• welcomes a new loving member into your family.
• rehabilitates and protects a neglected or abused animal.
All pets deserve a loving home and family. As you search for your perfect pet, remember to visit your local shelters and consult with animal welfare organizations which can assist you in finding the perfect match for your family.

Your business provides you and your love ones with the income you need to support every day life essentials. Being a strong leader at work is necessary in order for that business to thrive. After all, you want your employees to love who they are working for and provide the best service and care to your business so it can expand and succeed.

Five Tips on Being a Better Leader

1. Structure Leaders must provide structure by creating a plan that keeps the business working properly and the employees working together. This means creating a schedule that works best for you and your employees. Sitting down for a meeting each week with your employees and coming up with a work schedule together ensures everyone has the opportunity to choose the hours and days they wish to put in so when they do come to work they can work more effectively.

2. Compassion Having compassion for your employees goes along way to being a strong leader. Compassion shows that you are human just like your employees and that mistakes happen and emergencies come up that can easily be understood and handled properly. However, this doesn’t mean being a doormat and excusing a particular employee for calling out of work constantly or coming into to work late. When this occurs warnings need to be given and consequences need to occur. This ensures that the company has function so it can run properly.

3. Stay Calm When mishaps happen in the work place as a leader it is important to stay calm, think things through and handle the situation that came up in a manner that does not add more chaos. Remember, chaos only causes more problems and makes matters worse.

4. Respectfulness Having respect for each individual working for you is essential for gaining respect back and having a team of employees that is willing to work with you.

5. Listen To be a strong leader you must listen to your employees concerns and thoughts. Then you must address them in away that is beneficial to all of you and your business. After all, listening to each other is apart of teamwork and teamwork is needed in a business to thrive and grow.

People who operate puppy mills are often posing as legitimate breeders, but all too often they are irresponsibly breeding puppies in unhealthy conditions. Dogs sold by puppy mills are more likely to be sickly or have genetic disorders than dogs from reputable breeders. Here are 5 signs that may indicate your dog came from a puppy mill.
The Breeder Does Not Provide Information
A legitimate breeder will have extensive information on each puppy sold. Your breeder should be able to introduce you to your puppy’s parents and should invite you to see the location where the puppy was born.
Breeders who do not allow you to visit their facilities should raise your suspicion.
The Breeder Does Not Provide Vaccination Records
Puppy mill operators want to make as much money as possible and often don’t spend money on their dogs. In many cases, puppies are not vaccinated at all.
If your breeder cannot provide a vaccination record for your puppy, that is a sign that the breeder is running a puppy mill.
Your Puppy Was Offered at Less Than 8 Weeks Old
Responsible breeders don’t sell puppies younger than 8 weeks old. This is because the pups need to be with their mother and litter mates until that time. If your puppy was sold before 8 weeks, it’s a sign that the puppy was the product of a puppy mill.
Your Puppy Has a Bad Odor
Puppy mills often smell bad because of too many dogs occupying too small a space. If you bought a puppy that smelled like a kennel, you should suspect that your pup came from a puppy mill.
The Breeder Did Not Ask About You
Honest breeders care about the puppies they sell and want to make sure you have the proper environment for the dog. They are also interested in making sure that you have good intentions in raising the puppy and are planning to have the dog spayed or neutered.
Puppy mill operators don’t care what happens to the puppy, so they don’t ask questions.
Puppy mills contribute to sickness in dog and promote animal cruelty. If possible, avoid buying a puppy from one of these places. Instead opt for a legitimate breeder, or adopt a rescue or shelter dog.

If you are truly an animal lover then your passion will help you succeed in your quest to help people adopt homeless animals.
1. Contact local veterinary clinics that specialize in pets. You should contact them via email and telephone. A personal visit with a simple black and white flyers that bullet points your basic info is always good. Please be brief, fierce and memorable in describing your animal shelter and your available pets to adopt. Since veterinarians are involved in helping pet owners care for their beloved pets, they know who is looking to adopt and are often a first point of contact. In the unfortunate passing of a pet, the bereaved will often want to eventually replace that animal with a new one after an appropriate period of mourning.
2. Consider a free post on Craigslist that includes pictures. Go to: http://www.craigslist.com and under the headline “Community” click on “Pets.” It is easy and simple to post a picture and a brief description of the available homeless pet. Anything that relates to revealing the animal’s personality is especially helpful in differentiating from other ads.
3. Post pictures and descriptions on your animal shelter’s Facebook page that clearly call the pet lover to action. Adopting a pet is an emotional decision. It is best to keep your posting cute and brief.
4. Ensure that the signage near your animal shelter is adequate. If you are located near a major highway is it easy to find your location? You can also increase your exposure by adding small plastic signs that are quick to install by driving them into the ground on the edge of roads near major intersections. Be careful that you do not violate any signage rules on your area. Typically areas where you see real estate and political signs are already approved. You may need to get a permit. Contact your local city office regarding rules and regulations.
5. Participate in local networking opportunities. There are many ways to remind your local public that your animal shelter is well run and has adoptable pets. Join your local Chamber of Commerce, Lions, Rotary, religious institution, Optimists Club, FFA Alumni boosters, etc. The list of organizations really depends on your personal interests and availability for meetings.
Best of luck in your quest. Every homeless animal will find a home if you engage in a systematic plan.

Christmas Fundraising Ideas

December 7, 2014

Help your local animal shelter to raise funds by suggesting that it holds a fundraiser before the holidays on their premises or at a local arts and crafts fair. The goal is to get families and children who have pets to use some of their planned money to buy gifts to buy some being offered by the shelter for all that it does for homeless animals.
It would be a fun time for all concerned if the fundraiser would be something like:
A dress-up contest with dog and cat pets brought in wearing their finery and offering a prize for the winner.
A booth selling pet items of all kinds (that can be purchased wholesale and sold for a fair but increased price to benefit the shelter). Suggest things such as pet toys, sweaters, tee shirts, pet beds, blankets, leashes, collars, gourmet pet food, and other items that will appeal to buyers.
Have a pet parade with a reasonable fee to enter and encourage the participants to dress up their pet and the wagon, bicycle, or other conveyance that the pet will be riding in.
Have an artist draw paintings of pets with an agreed-upon percentage of the funds being donated to the shelter. The artist could also sell gift cards that could be given to other families for Christmas presents.
Have a photographer who would do the same thing and take pictures of the beloved pets and sell gift cards.
Have a booth selling cards for volunteer work. Older children can offer their services for pet walking, lawn mowing, snow removal, babysitting, running errands, or other such projects.
The Animal Welfare Organization Insurance Program, LLC (AWOIP) is a big advocate of fund raising for animal shelters and rescues and would be happy to work with your local animal welfare organization to produce an insurance protection package that will meet its needs as well as the needs of the animals. AWOIP is also known to stomp on Capital Hill to defend the humane treatment of animals and animal rights in general.

Stay Warm This Winter

December 4, 2014

Animals are sensitive to very cold damp weather, and just like us, need protection from bitter conditions that can seriously damage their health and well-being. In this article we’ll look at practical ways to help animals in shelters and households stay snug and warm.
If a dog’s or cat’s paw pads, ears or nose, are exposed to these raw elements, they can sustain lasting damage; and if they’re outside, or aren’t adequately protected in a dry, warm home or shelter, they can contract hypothermia or frostbite.
The shelter or home area should be roomy enough so that the animal can move about, and be free to sit or lie down comfortably. It should also be compact enough to contain the animal’s body heat. Ideally, if it’s not in a carpeted house, and is in a shelter or out-house, the flooring should be constructed so it’s several inches above the ground, otherwise it will be extremely cold to sit on. It can be covered with linoleum or plastic tiling, which is easy to keep hygienic. This can be layered with straw, or some kind of wood shavings. Old blankets, fleece, or other types of warm soft bedding could also be used; they give a sense of security, and the animals can happily curl up on or inside them. They can also keep horses dry and warm, and are essential if they’ve been body-clipped. The entrances and exits, as well as any other openings need to be covered with a strong durable sheet of commercial plastic. Unfortunately, heating costs can be difficult for animal welfare organizations to afford. Carrying out a small charity collection for spare blankets in your area is easy, and many people will have old ones that they will be happy to donate.
Give the animals water in plastic rather than metal bowls, as their tongue could stick to the metal and freeze. You should also regularly monitor the bowls to make sure that the water hasn’t turned into ice! Or if possible, buy water heaters or heated bowls. If the animals are let outside in the cold for extended periods, their bodies will lose more energy trying to stay warm, and you’ll need to give them more to eat.
Keeping animals happy and content in winter time is possible if we are resourceful, network, and get a little support from all the wonderful animal lovers in our neighborhoods.